Swedish Yellow Duck: Facts, Uses, Origins & Characteristics

People raise Swedish Yellow Ducks so they can lay eggs.

The English name is a bit of a misnomer because they are more buff or yellowish-brown than yellow.

Males will weigh between 6.6 and 7.7 pounds (3.0 and 3.5 kg), while females will be between 5.5 and 6.6 pounds (2.5 to 3.0 kg.)

They don’t have as much meat as Swedish Blue Ducks, but they lay better eggs.

Each year, females can lay up to 130 eggs.

This breed is rare at the moment (2011).

Quick Facts about Swedish Yellow Ducks

Breed Name:Svensk Gul Anka (Swedish Yellow Duck)
Place of Origin:Sweden
Uses:Triple purpose
Drake Size:7-8 pounds
Duck Size:6.5-7.5 pounds
Color:Yellow, brown
Lifespan:8-12 years
Climate Tolerance:Cold hardy
Care Level:Moderate

Swedish Yellow Duck Origins

Mans Eriksson made the Swedish Yellow Duck in the Swedish province of Skane. There is some disagreement about which ducks were used to make this yellow bird of water, but it is thought that they used Blue Swedish, Khaki Campbell, and a white duck breed from the area.

Quick Facts about Swedish Yellow Ducks
Breed Name:	Svensk Gul Anka (Swedish Yellow Duck)
Place of Origin:	Sweden
Uses:	Triple purpose
Drake Size:	7-8 pounds
Duck Size:	6.5-7.5 pounds
Color:	Yellow, brown
Lifespan:	8-12 years
Climate Tolerance:	Cold hardy
Care Level:	Moderate
Production:	Moderate
Temperament:	CalmSwedish Yellow Duck Origins
The Swedish Yellow Duck was developed in Skane province in Sweden by Mans Eriksson. There is a little debate on actual ducks used to form this yellow waterfowl, but it’s speculated that they have Blue Swedish, Khaki Campbells, and some local breed of white duck.Swedish yellow ducks were surprisingly common in the 1930s. Developed in the 20th century, these purposeful waterfowl wound up filling folks’ farms across Sweden. It wasn’t until the 1950s that they started becoming what he would consider a rare duck breed.Today, they have only been verified to still exist in their homeland of Sweden.swedish yellow duck
Image Credit: Kent Dahlberg, ShutterstockSwedish Yellow Duck Characteristics
Swedish yellow ducks are known for their wonderful dispositions, making fantastic pets for kids and adults alike. You could easily use them for school projects and other formulated activities because they’re effortless to handle and almost entirely flightless.The Swedish yellow duck spends most of its day toddling about the barnyard. They love to have a water source nearby—as all waterfowl do. Males might show aggression toward other ducks during mating season but should be docile otherwise.There is no denying that this duck is hearty and moderately active to promote excellent foraging capabilities.Uses
You get the best of all worlds when choosing the Swedish yellow duck. These birds are good for any use you can imagine—ornamental, eggs, and meat production. They truly are a triple-purpose breed, making you wonder why they haven’t flourished again in popularity over the years.Although they are a relatively rare breed, we recommend not using them for meat if you can help it. Plenty of other sizable meat ducks on the market would work better in the scenario. Although, they make a robust and tasty meat bird.These ducks lay large white eggs, though sometimes they can have a bluish or grayish hue. Generally, they can lay up to 130 eggs annually.Thanks to their Blue Swedish heritage, these ducks go broody often and make excellent mothers. Even if they don’t brood their own batch of eggs, they will be happy to mother other ducks—and even chicken eggs!swedish yellow duck in the grass
Image Credit: alljoh, ShutterstockAppearance & Varieties
As the name would imply, most Swedish yellow ducks are yellow in color. Although, the males have brown heads, making them sexually dimorphic from females. Males slightly outweigh their female counterparts by a pound or two.The term yellow is loosely used for this breed. If you look closely, you’ll notice they are more buff to yellowy-brown in color. The appearance was achieved by combining Swedish ducks, Khaki Campbells, and white ducks.Population/Distribution/Habitat
Swedish yellow ducks have limited availability in today’s world.Population: In their homeland of Sweden, all Swedish ducks measure somewhere in the ballpark of 130 breeding birds. Not all of these include Swedish Yellow ducks, as there are several Swedish waterfowl. No definitive numbers are available per our research.
Distribution: Although Swedish yellow ducks once had a wide range of availability, they are now exclusively in Sweden. So, unless you’re a Swedish native, you’ll have next to no luck locating these buff beauties.
Habitat: Like any other waterfowl species, Swedish yellow ducks love being close to water. Ideally, the bigger the water area you have, the better. However, as long as they have a fresh, clean water source available to them, they can live satisfactory lives. They need somewhere to clean off their beaks, as their nostrils can fill with debris—which can actually be life-threatening if you aren’t careful. Because these are nesting animals, they will need roosting spots available for them as well as adequate shelter. You can choose to allow the ducks to free-range Or keep them safe in an enclosure. Because these ducks are mostly flightless, keeping them inside doesn’t take a very high fence. Because of their low defenses and lack of flight ability, they make perfect targets for predators. So, ensure you have safety measures to protect your flock.
group of swedish yellow ducks
Image Credit: Daria Trefilova, ShutterstockAre Swedish Yellow Duck Good for Small-Scale Farming?
Swedish yellow ducks are wonderful for small-scale farming because of their wide range of uses. However, unless you live in the native land of Sweden, you won’t have access to the specific species.Many other related ducks might be readily available, such as the Khaki Campbell and Swedish Blue. Also, other waterfowl resemble the Swedish Yellow, like the Buff Orpington duck.

Surprisingly, there were a lot of Swedish yellow ducks in the 1930s. Since they were made in the 20th century, these smart waterfowl ended up on farms all over Sweden. They didn’t start to become what he would call a rare duck breed until the 1950s.

Today, they are only known to be alive in their native country of Sweden.

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Swedish Yellow Duck Characteristics

Swedish yellow ducks are known for having great personalities. Because of this, they make great pets for both kids and adults. You could use them for school projects and other planned activities because they are easy to control and almost never fly away.

The Swedish yellow duck walks around the barnyard for most of the day. Like all waterfowl, they like to be close to a water source. Male ducks might be mean to other ducks during mating season, but they should be calm the rest of the time.

There’s no doubt that this duck is tough and moderately active, which makes it a great hunter.


When you choose the Swedish yellow duck, you get the best of all worlds. You can use these birds for anything you can think of: as decorations, to get eggs, or to make meat. They can really be used for three different things, which makes you wonder why they haven’t become more popular over the years.

Even though they are a rare breed, we don’t think they should be used for meat if you can help it. There are a lot of other big meat ducks on the market that would work better in this case. They do, however, make a strong and tasty meat bird.

These ducks lay big white eggs, which can sometimes be blue or gray in color. Most of the time, they can lay up to 130 eggs per year.

Because they are Blue Swedish, these ducks often get pregnant and are great mothers. Even if they don’t lay their own eggs, they are happy to take care of other ducks’ eggs or even chicken eggs.

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Appearance & Varieties

As you might guess from the name, most Swedish yellow ducks are yellow. Even so, males are different from females because their heads are brown. Males weigh a pound or two more than their female counterparts.

People call this breed “yellow” in a loose way. If you look closely, you’ll see that their colors range from buff to yellowish-brown. To get this look, Swedish ducks, Khaki Campbells, and white ducks were put together.


There aren’t many Swedish yellow ducks left in the world today.

Population: There are about 130 breeding birds worth of Swedish ducks in their home country of Sweden. There are many different kinds of waterfowl in Sweden, so not all of these are Swedish Yellow Ducks. From what we’ve found, there are no clear numbers.

Distribution: Swedish yellow ducks used to be found in many places, but now they are only found in Sweden. So, if you’re not from Sweden, you won’t have much of a chance of finding these buff ladies.

Habitat: Like all other types of waterfowl, Swedish yellow ducks like to be near water. In an ideal world, the more water you have, the better. But as long as they have access to fresh, clean water, they can live good lives.

They need a place to clean their beaks because dust and dirt can get into their noses, which can be life-threatening if you’re not careful. Because these are animals that lay eggs, they will need places to roost and enough shelter. You can let the ducks go where they want.

Or build a safe place for them to stay. Since these ducks can’t fly, you don’t need a very high fence to keep them inside. Because they have few defenses and can’t fly, they are easy prey for animals that eat them. So, make sure you have ways to keep your flock safe.

Are Swedish Yellow Duck Good for Small-Scale Farming?

Swedish yellow ducks are great for small farms because they can be used for many things. But if you don’t live in Sweden, you won’t be able to get your hands on those species.

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Many other similar ducks, like the Khaki Campbell and the Swedish Blue, might be easy to find. Also, some other ducks, like the Buff Orpington duck, look like the Swedish Yellow.

Princy Hoang
See more articles in this category: Birds

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